Everyday Science

science abbreviations and symbols For CSS NTS,PPSC FPSC

Science abbreviations and symbols For CSS NTS,PPSC FPSC

FAT: File Allocation Table
FCPS: Fellow Of The Royal College Of Physicians And Surgeons
FM: Frequency Modulation
FMCT: Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty
FRCS: Fellow Of The Royal College Of Surgeons
GHz. Gigahertz
GMT: Greenwich Mean Tim
HIV: Human Immune Deficiency Virus
HTML: Hypertext Mark-Up Language
HTTP: Hypertext Transfer Protocol
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency (UN)
IBM: International Business Machine
IC: Integrated Circuit/ Intelligence Corps
ICBM: Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile
ICU: Intensive Care Unit
IEA: International Energy Agency
INSTRAW: International Research And Training Institute For The Advancement Of
Women
INTELSAC: International Telecommunications Satellite Consortium
Intelsat: International Telecommunications Satellite Organisation
IRBM: Intermediate Range ballistic Missile
ISP: Internet Service Provider
IT: Information Technology
ITB: Information Technology Board
JAXA: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
KANUPP: Karachi Nuclear Power Plant
KAPCO: Kot Adu Power Company
kHz: Kilohertz
KV: Kilo Volt
kW: Kilowatt
MCAT: Medical Colleges Admission Test
MDS: Master In Dental Surgery
MNP: Mobile Number Portibility
MRBM: Medium Range Ballistic Missile
MRCP: Member Of Royal College Of Physicians
MRCS: Member Of Royal College Of Surgeons
MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
MS: Medical Superintendent
MSN: Microsoft Network
MW: Megawatt
NADRA: National Database And Registration Authority
NEPRA: National Electric Power Regulatory Authority
NM: Nautical Mile
NMD: National Missile Defence
NPT: Non-Nuclear Proliferation Treaty
NRA: Nuclear Regulatory Authority
OGRA: Oil And Gas Regulatory Authority
NWD: Nation Wide Dialling
OGDC: Oil And Gas Development Corporation
pm: Post Meridiem

 LASER…………………………Light Amplification through Stimulated Emission of Radiations
RADAR………………………………………………radio detection and ranging
 LPG…………………………………………………….liquified petroleum gas
 CFC…………………………………………………….choloro fluoro carbons
 AIDS…………………………………………………….acquired immune deficiency syndrome
 ROM………………………………Read Only Memory
 LAN………………………………Local Area Network
 WWW…………………………World Wide Web
 DNA…………………………… deoxy ribonucleic acid
 HDL…………………………………………………….high density lipoprotein
 MeV…………………………………………………….mega electron volt
 UHF…………………………Ultra High Frquency
 LED………………………….Light Emitting Diode
 LCD………………………….Liquid Crystal Display
 BASIC………………………Beginner’s All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
 MASER…………………………………………………micro wave apmplification by s stimulated emmission of radiation
 SONAR…………………………………………………sound navigation and ranging
 SARS……………………Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
 NTP……………………………………………………. network time protocol
 RQ…………………………………………………….respiratory quotient
 PVC…………………………………………………….polyvinyl chloride
 NPN…………………………………………………….negative positive negative
 WAN…………………….Wide Area Network
 ECG………………………Electro Cardiography
 BCG……………………………………………………. bacilles of calmette (guerin)
 ETT……………………………………………………exercise tolerance test (cardiography)
 DBS………………………data base system
BTU……………………… british thermal unit
 TNT……………………… tri nitro toulene
 CNG………………………Compressed Natural Gas

Unit of Physical Quantities

1- ampere————————–electric current
2-angstrm———————–unit of length for the measurement of wavelength
3-bar—————————–unit of atmosphereic pressure
4-bel—————————-unit of intensity of sound
5-calorie————————measurment of quantity of heat
6-candle power————–illuminating power of a source of light
7-centigrade——————unit of temperature
8-centimeter—————–unit of length
9-coulomb———————–electric charge
10-decibel———————-intensity
11-dioptre———————-power of lense
12-dyne————————unit of force
13-electron volt————-unit of energy
14-erg————————–unit of work
15-farad———————-electric capacity
16-farady———————electric charge
17-gauss———————-megnetic induction
18-gram————————unit of mass
19-gram wt——————–gravitational unit
20-henry———————-unit of induction
21-horse power————–unit of power
22-joule———————–practical unit of work
23-kg—————————unit of mass
24-kilowatt——————–unit of electrical power
25-knot————————-unit of speed
26-killowatt-hour————-practical unit of electrical power
27-lambert——————–unit of brightness
28-light year——————unit of distance for measuring astronomical distance
29-litre————————unit of volume capacity
30-lumen———————-luminous flux
31-lux————————–unit of intensity of lumination
32-maxwell——————–megnetic flux
33-meter———————-unit of distance
34-micro farad—————one millionth of a farad
35-millimicron—————-unit of length used in spectroscopy
36-newton——————–unit of work
37-oersted——————-unit of megnetic intensity
38-ohm————————unit of electrical resistance
39-poise———————-unit of viscosity
40-second——————-unit of time
41-volt————————practical unit of electric potential differenec
42-watt———————–unit of power
43-weber———————unit of magnetic pole strength
44-x.u————————unit of length expressing x-ray wave length
45-gy-gray——————-obsorbed radiation dose
46-mole———————–amount of substance
47-siemens——————-electric conductance
48-hertz———————frequecy
49-radian——————-plane angle
50-tesla———————magnetic flux density
51-pascal——————-pressure
52-sievert——————radiation dose equilent
53-steradian—————-solid angle
54-bacquerel—————activity of radionucloids
55-rutherford————–rate of decay of radioactive material
56-torr———————-pressure
57-fermi———————length
58-sved berg unit———-sedimentation rate
59-mho———————–conductivity
60-roentgen—————–radiation exposer x ray
61-barn———————-area
62-barrel——————-unit of liquid capacity
63-carat——————–unit for measuring mass of precious metal
64-clusec——————power of vaccum pump
65-dalton——————-atomic mass unit
67-megaton—————-explosive power of nuclear weapon
68-morgon——————orbitray unit used in genetics
67-ounce——————–unit of mass
68-rad————————obsorbed radiation dose
69-ryberg——————–atomic unit of energy
70-btu————————unit of heat
71-candela——————-luminous intensity
72-modulation—————frequency
73-persec——————–astronomical unit
74-cusec———————volumetric rate of flow

 List of scientific units named after people
SI base units

• Ampere, electric current – André-Marie Ampère
• Kelvin, thermodynamic temperature – Lord Kelvin
SI derived unit
• Becquerel, radioactivity – Henri Becquerel
• Degree Celsius, temperature – Anders Celsius
• Coulomb, electric charge – Charles-Augustin de Coulomb
• Farad, capacitance – Michael Faraday
• Gray, absorbed dose of radiation – Louis Harold Gray
• Henry, inductance – Joseph Henry 
Hertz, frequency – Heinrich Rudolf Hertz
• Joule, energy, work, heat – James Prescott Joule
• Newton, force – Isaac Newton
• Ohm, electrical resistance – Georg Ohm
• Pascal, pressure – Blaise Pascal
• Siemens, electrical conductance – Werner von Siemens
• Sievert, radiation dose equivalent – Rolf Sievert
• Tesla, magnetic flux density – Nikola Tesla
• Volt, electric potential, electromotive force – Alessandro Volta
• Watt, power, radiant flux – James Watt
• Weber, magnetic flux – Wilhelm Eduard Weber
Centimeter-gram-second system of units
• Biot, electric current; Jean-Baptiste Biot
• Debye, electric dipole moment; Peter Debye
• Gauss, magnetic induction – Carl Friedrich Gauss
• Maxwell, magnetic flux – James Clerk Maxwell
• Oersted, magnetic field strength – Hans Christian Ørsted
• Galileo, acceleration; Galileo Galilei
• Eotvos, gravitational gradient; Loránd Eötvös
No longer in use
• Franklin, electric charge – Benjamin Franklin
Others
• Angstrom, distance – Anders Jonas Ångström
• Curie, radioactivity – Marie and Pierre Curie
• Decibel (i.e. tenths of Bels) dimensionless proportions and ratios, e.g. relative power levels – Alexander Graham Bell
• Degree Fahrenheit, temperature – Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
• Jansky, flux density – Karl Jansky
• Neper, relative power level – John Napier
• Poise, viscosity – Jean Louis Marie Poiseuille
• Röntgen, dosage of X-rays or gamma radiation – Wilhelm Röntgen
• Richter scale, earthquake power – Charles Francis Richter
• Stokes, viscosity – George Gabriel Stokes
• Svedberg, sedimentation rate – Theodor Svedberg

 

 

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