Everyday Science

science abbreviations and symbols For CSS NTS,PPSC FPSC

Science abbreviations and symbols For CSS NTS,PPSC FPSC

FAT: File Allocation Table
FCPS: Fellow Of The Royal College Of Physicians And Surgeons
FM: Frequency Modulation
FMCT: Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty
FRCS: Fellow Of The Royal College Of Surgeons
GHz. Gigahertz
GMT: Greenwich Mean Tim
HIV: Human Immune Deficiency Virus
HTML: Hypertext Mark-Up Language
HTTP: Hypertext Transfer Protocol
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency (UN)
IBM: International Business Machine
IC: Integrated Circuit/ Intelligence Corps
ICBM: Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile
ICU: Intensive Care Unit
IEA: International Energy Agency
INSTRAW: International Research And Training Institute For The Advancement Of
Women
INTELSAC: International Telecommunications Satellite Consortium
Intelsat: International Telecommunications Satellite Organisation
IRBM: Intermediate Range ballistic Missile
ISP: Internet Service Provider
IT: Information Technology
ITB: Information Technology Board
JAXA: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
KANUPP: Karachi Nuclear Power Plant
KAPCO: Kot Adu Power Company
kHz: Kilohertz
KV: Kilo Volt
kW: Kilowatt
MCAT: Medical Colleges Admission Test
MDS: Master In Dental Surgery
MNP: Mobile Number Portibility
MRBM: Medium Range Ballistic Missile
MRCP: Member Of Royal College Of Physicians
MRCS: Member Of Royal College Of Surgeons
MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
MS: Medical Superintendent
MSN: Microsoft Network
MW: Megawatt
NADRA: National Database And Registration Authority
NEPRA: National Electric Power Regulatory Authority
NM: Nautical Mile
NMD: National Missile Defence
NPT: Non-Nuclear Proliferation Treaty
NRA: Nuclear Regulatory Authority
OGRA: Oil And Gas Regulatory Authority
NWD: Nation Wide Dialling
OGDC: Oil And Gas Development Corporation
pm: Post Meridiem

 LASER…………………………Light Amplification through Stimulated Emission of Radiations
RADAR………………………………………………radio detection and ranging
 LPG…………………………………………………….liquified petroleum gas
 CFC…………………………………………………….choloro fluoro carbons
 AIDS…………………………………………………….acquired immune deficiency syndrome
 ROM………………………………Read Only Memory
 LAN………………………………Local Area Network
 WWW…………………………World Wide Web
 DNA…………………………… deoxy ribonucleic acid
 HDL…………………………………………………….high density lipoprotein
 MeV…………………………………………………….mega electron volt
 UHF…………………………Ultra High Frquency
 LED………………………….Light Emitting Diode
 LCD………………………….Liquid Crystal Display
 BASIC………………………Beginner’s All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
 MASER…………………………………………………micro wave apmplification by s stimulated emmission of radiation
 SONAR…………………………………………………sound navigation and ranging
 SARS……………………Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
 NTP……………………………………………………. network time protocol
 RQ…………………………………………………….respiratory quotient
 PVC…………………………………………………….polyvinyl chloride
 NPN…………………………………………………….negative positive negative
 WAN…………………….Wide Area Network
 ECG………………………Electro Cardiography
 BCG……………………………………………………. bacilles of calmette (guerin)
 ETT……………………………………………………exercise tolerance test (cardiography)
 DBS………………………data base system
BTU……………………… british thermal unit
 TNT……………………… tri nitro toulene
 CNG………………………Compressed Natural Gas

Unit of Physical Quantities

1- ampere————————–electric current
2-angstrm———————–unit of length for the measurement of wavelength
3-bar—————————–unit of atmosphereic pressure
4-bel—————————-unit of intensity of sound
5-calorie————————measurment of quantity of heat
6-candle power————–illuminating power of a source of light
7-centigrade——————unit of temperature
8-centimeter—————–unit of length
9-coulomb———————–electric charge
10-decibel———————-intensity
11-dioptre———————-power of lense
12-dyne————————unit of force
13-electron volt————-unit of energy
14-erg————————–unit of work
15-farad———————-electric capacity
16-farady———————electric charge
17-gauss———————-megnetic induction
18-gram————————unit of mass
19-gram wt——————–gravitational unit
20-henry———————-unit of induction
21-horse power————–unit of power
22-joule———————–practical unit of work
23-kg—————————unit of mass
24-kilowatt——————–unit of electrical power
25-knot————————-unit of speed
26-killowatt-hour————-practical unit of electrical power
27-lambert——————–unit of brightness
28-light year——————unit of distance for measuring astronomical distance
29-litre————————unit of volume capacity
30-lumen———————-luminous flux
31-lux————————–unit of intensity of lumination
32-maxwell——————–megnetic flux
33-meter———————-unit of distance
34-micro farad—————one millionth of a farad
35-millimicron—————-unit of length used in spectroscopy
36-newton——————–unit of work
37-oersted——————-unit of megnetic intensity
38-ohm————————unit of electrical resistance
39-poise———————-unit of viscosity
40-second——————-unit of time
41-volt————————practical unit of electric potential differenec
42-watt———————–unit of power
43-weber———————unit of magnetic pole strength
44-x.u————————unit of length expressing x-ray wave length
45-gy-gray——————-obsorbed radiation dose
46-mole———————–amount of substance
47-siemens——————-electric conductance
48-hertz———————frequecy
49-radian——————-plane angle
50-tesla———————magnetic flux density
51-pascal——————-pressure
52-sievert——————radiation dose equilent
53-steradian—————-solid angle
54-bacquerel—————activity of radionucloids
55-rutherford————–rate of decay of radioactive material
56-torr———————-pressure
57-fermi———————length
58-sved berg unit———-sedimentation rate
59-mho———————–conductivity
60-roentgen—————–radiation exposer x ray
61-barn———————-area
62-barrel——————-unit of liquid capacity
63-carat——————–unit for measuring mass of precious metal
64-clusec——————power of vaccum pump
65-dalton——————-atomic mass unit
67-megaton—————-explosive power of nuclear weapon
68-morgon——————orbitray unit used in genetics
67-ounce——————–unit of mass
68-rad————————obsorbed radiation dose
69-ryberg——————–atomic unit of energy
70-btu————————unit of heat
71-candela——————-luminous intensity
72-modulation—————frequency
73-persec——————–astronomical unit
74-cusec———————volumetric rate of flow

 List of scientific units named after people
SI base units

• Ampere, electric current – André-Marie Ampère
• Kelvin, thermodynamic temperature – Lord Kelvin
SI derived unit
• Becquerel, radioactivity – Henri Becquerel
• Degree Celsius, temperature – Anders Celsius
• Coulomb, electric charge – Charles-Augustin de Coulomb
• Farad, capacitance – Michael Faraday
• Gray, absorbed dose of radiation – Louis Harold Gray
• Henry, inductance – Joseph Henry 
Hertz, frequency – Heinrich Rudolf Hertz
• Joule, energy, work, heat – James Prescott Joule
• Newton, force – Isaac Newton
• Ohm, electrical resistance – Georg Ohm
• Pascal, pressure – Blaise Pascal
• Siemens, electrical conductance – Werner von Siemens
• Sievert, radiation dose equivalent – Rolf Sievert
• Tesla, magnetic flux density – Nikola Tesla
• Volt, electric potential, electromotive force – Alessandro Volta
• Watt, power, radiant flux – James Watt
• Weber, magnetic flux – Wilhelm Eduard Weber
Centimeter-gram-second system of units
• Biot, electric current; Jean-Baptiste Biot
• Debye, electric dipole moment; Peter Debye
• Gauss, magnetic induction – Carl Friedrich Gauss
• Maxwell, magnetic flux – James Clerk Maxwell
• Oersted, magnetic field strength – Hans Christian Ørsted
• Galileo, acceleration; Galileo Galilei
• Eotvos, gravitational gradient; Loránd Eötvös
No longer in use
• Franklin, electric charge – Benjamin Franklin
Others
• Angstrom, distance – Anders Jonas Ångström
• Curie, radioactivity – Marie and Pierre Curie
• Decibel (i.e. tenths of Bels) dimensionless proportions and ratios, e.g. relative power levels – Alexander Graham Bell
• Degree Fahrenheit, temperature – Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
• Jansky, flux density – Karl Jansky
• Neper, relative power level – John Napier
• Poise, viscosity – Jean Louis Marie Poiseuille
• Röntgen, dosage of X-rays or gamma radiation – Wilhelm Röntgen
• Richter scale, earthquake power – Charles Francis Richter
• Stokes, viscosity – George Gabriel Stokes
• Svedberg, sedimentation rate – Theodor Svedberg

 

 

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Islamic Gk

Islamiat mcqs in urdu with answers For PPSC NTS CSS.

Islamiat MCQs in Urdu with answers For PPSC NTS CSS.

1 Which surah is called Urose-ul-Quran?
Ans Surah_Al-Rehman

2 Which surah is called the heart of the Quran?
Ans Surah_Yasin

3 Which_surah_was_being_recited_by_Muhammad(PBUH)_at_the_time_of_migration?
Ans Surah_Yasin

4  Which_surah_is_called_surah_Braat?
Ans Surah_Toba

5 What_is_the_duration_of_delivering_the_Quran_during_Makah?
Ans 12_years,_5_months_and_13_days

6 _What_is_the_duration_of_delivering_the_Quran_during_Medina?
Ans 9_years,_9_months_and_9_days

7  Explain_some_special_characteristics_of_Makki_surah?
Ans Brief_containing_subjects_on_Tauheed,_Rasala_and_Judgement_Day

8  Explain_some_characteristics_of_Madani_Surahs?
Ans Lengthy_containing_subjects_on_economic_and_social_life,_Abadat_matters

9 Which_Sahabi’s_name_is_in_Quran?
Ans Hazrat_Zaid_Bin_Haris_(R-A)

10 How_many_prophets_are_included_in_Quran?
Ans 25/26

11 Name_the_Surahs_of_Quran,_whose_names_are_on_animal_names?
Ans Al-Baqara,_Al-Nahl,_Al-namal,_Al-feal

12 Who_are_the_four_persons_whose_names_are_not_described_in_good_manners_in_Quran?
Ans Farauon,_Qaroon,_Haman,_Abu_Lahab

13 Which_surah_is_at_the_name_of_Female?
Ans Surah_Maryam

14  Which_Ayat_is_called_the_leader_of_Aayat?
Ans Aayat-ul-Kursi

15 How_many_Surahs_are_at_the_name_of_Muhammad(PBUH)?
Ans One_(Surah_Muhammad_(PBUH))

16 How_many_times_Muhammad’s(PBUH)name_Muhammad(PBUH)_is_included_in_Quran?
Ans Four_times

17 In_which_Surahs_Muhammad’s(PBUH)_name_is_included_in_Quran?
Ans Al-Imran,_Ahzab,_Muhammad,_Fatah

18 _How_many_Holy_books_are_described_in_Quran?
Ans Three

19 _How_many_Ghazwat_are_described_in_Quran?
Ans Twelve

20 Explain_the_3_persons_who_were_not_Prophet(PBUH)_but_the_Quran_mentioned_them_in_good_manners?
Ans Luqman,_Aziz-e-Misar,_Zulqarnain

21 _To_whom_Quran_said_Bait-ul-Attique?
Ans Bait-Ullah_(Kabba)

22 _Who_was_the_first_writer_of_Wahi_and_what_did_he_write?
Ans Hazrat_Sharjeel_(R-A)and_he_wrote(Bismillah)

23 _In_which_war_most_of_the_Hafiz-e-Quran_were_martyred?
Ans Jang-e-Yamama

24 Who_solicited_Hazrat_Abu_Bakr(R-A)_for_the_Tadveen_of_Quran?
Ans Hazrat_Umar_(R-A)

25 _Which_Sahabi_gave_the_book_shape_of_Quran?
Ans Hazrat_Zaid_Bin_Sabat,_who_was_the_leader_of_committee_comprising_75_Sahabas

26 _Which_Sahabi_is_called_Jamia-ul-Quran?
Ans Hazrat_Usman-e-Ghani_(R-A)

27 _What_Hazrat_Usman_served_in_connection_with_collection_of_Quran?
Ans He_gathered_the_Ummat_at_one_Qirrat

28 Who_was_the_holder_of_Quran_published_in_the_age_of_Hazrat_Abu_Bakr_Siddique(R-A)?
Ans Ummat-ul-Momineen_Hazrat_Hafsa_(R-A)

29 Muhammad(PBUH)_ordered_which_Sahabi_to_read_Quran?
Ans Hazrat_Abdullah_bin_Masood_(R-A)

30 Who_solicited_Hazrat_Usman(R#A)_to_send_the_copies_of_Quran_to_different_countries?
Ans Hazrat_hadifa-bin-Yamaan

31 _Name_Umm-ul-Momineen_who_were_Hafiz-e-Quran?
Ans Hazrat_Aaysha_Siddique,Hazrat_hafa,_Hazrat_Ummay-Salma(R-A)

32 _How_many_Aayat-e-Ameer_Quran_contains?
Ans 1000

33 _How_many_Aayat-e-Nahl_Quran_contains?
Ans 1000

34 _How_many_Aayat-e-Masal_Quran_contains?
Ans 1000

35 _How_many_Aayat-e-Qasas_Quran_contains?
Ans 1000

36 _How_many_Aayat-e-Wada_Quran_contains?
Ans 1000

37 _How_many_Aayat-e-Waeed_Quran_contains?
Ans 1000

38 _How_many_Aayat-e-Tahleel_Quran_contains?
Ans 250

39 _How_many_Aayat-e-Tahreem_Quran_contains?
Ans 250

40 _How_many_Aayat-e-Tasbee_Quran_contains?
Ans 100

41 _How_many_misc_Aayat_Quran_contains?
Ans 66

42 _How_many_times_Hazrat_Gabriel’s_name_is_included_in_Quran?
Ans Three_times

43 _Which_is_the_longest_Aayat_of_Quran_and_in_which_surah?
Ans Aayat_Madaneyat,Surah_Al-Baqara’s_Aayat_No 282

44 _Hazrat_Adam_is_described_in_which_Surah_and_how_many_times?
Ans Surah-ul-Aaraaf_7_times

45 _Which_Prophet’s_story_is_named_as_Ahsan-ul-Qasa_in_Quran?
Ans Hazrat_Yousaf

46 _Which_Surah_of_Quran_tells_about_Mehraj?
Ans Surah_Bani_Israel_and_Surah-ul-Najam

47 Which_Surah_tells_the_modesty_of_Hazrat_Aaysha_Siddiqua(R-A)?
Ans Surah_Noor

48 How_many_times_Hazrat_Musa(A-S)has_been_described_in_Quran?
Ans 107_times

49 _Which_Surah_is_at_the_name_of_City?
Ans Surah_Rome

50 _Which_surah_describes_Ghazwa-e-Khandaq
Ans Surah-al-Ahzab

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General knowledge about pakistan

easy general knowledge questions and answers-Part- 3

Easy general knowledge questions and answers part- 3

General knowledge questions and answers about Pakistan Part 2

Q1-The total length of the coastline of Pakistan is?

A-1046

Q2-Cease Fire line came into existence in?

A-1949

Q3-Pakistan can be divided into?

A-six natural regions

Q4-High of K2 is?

A-8611 Meters

Q5-The coldest place in Pakistan is?

A-Skardu

Q6-Most of the Hosiery Industry is located in?

A-Karachi

Q7-The Heavy Mechanical complex was established with the help of China at?

A-Taxila

Q8-The first Census in the subcontinent took place in the year?

A-1901

Q9-Wheat is the major Kharif Crop of?

A-Pakistan

Q10-Kotli is the city of?

A-Azad Kashmir

Q11-The SOS village built in?

A-Faisalabad

Q12-Pakistan celebrated Quaid’s year in?

A-2001

Q13-Pakistani Cricketer Saeed Anwar declared to join?

A-Afghan Jehad

Q14-Maulana Shibly wrote books on?

A-Islamic History

Q15-The first translation of the Holy Quran was in?

A-Sindhi

Q16-Qutab Minar is in?

A-Delhi

Q17-Cholistan Desert is in?

A-Bahawalpur

Q18-Pakistan can be divided per climate into?

A-4 regions

Q19-Hashim Shah wrote?

A-Sassi Punnu

Q20-The British Communal Award was announced in?

A-1932

Q21-Land between two rivers is called?

A-Do, aba

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